|oR0560||see description||Hand-made||7.00 EUR||
How old?: 1400-1450.
Finding place: 's-Hertogenbosch, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Tolsende, Nieuwlande.
Place of provenance: Rome (?)
Details: h.: 45mm w. 26mm.
Meaning: st. Sebastian badge. Probably pilgrim souvenir from Rome (in catacoms at Via Appia there is a tomb of "San Sebastian") Due to the saints popularity it may be also lucky charm. St. Sebastian was a martyr. Tied to a tree he was "executed" by arrow shots. Proclaimed patron of archers, and also all people using this weapon (like town guilds for example). This pattern is a replica of finding from 's-Hertogenbosch (the Netherlands).
Pewter badges were first introduced as pilgrim souvenirs from different places of Christian cult around Europe and the Holy Land. The earliest findings of this type comes from about second half of XII th. century, fall of their popularity is beginning of XVI th. century. They're closely connected with development of pilgrimages among Christians. Pilgrim badges were a solid prove of finishing a long journey to places were once saints lived. About XIV th. century secular badges also appeared.
ATTENTION: dates showed in this catalogue tells only how old was the material used for the original. It doesn't mean that the badge was used only then.
The pewter badges as well as their descriptions are provided to us by Bartosz Sołtysiak who bases them on historical sources.