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This Tyrolean hat is a type of medieval headwear which can be worn by both men and women, as a type of medieval headdress for cold, rainy days. Shape of this medieval felt hat provides a perfect head protection. It covers the whole head and parts of the ears.
Our Tyrolean medieval felt hat strong>in its basic version is curled up at its base - this part can be colored in a different way than the upper part. The upper part is slightly flattened, giving this model a nonchalant look. Thanks to historical sources we know that it was worn by men and women. We recommend it to reenactors looking for convenience and warmth.
A medieval felt hat of this type is completely handmade. In the process of production we have used sheep fleece that provides a high hygroscopicity level - it can absorb a lot of moisture without the feeling of the hat being wet. It also provides a proper thermal regulation for the head.
The range of colors to choose from with this medieval felt hat is very wide. You will find the list of available colors here. Please write down the chosen code in the comment section while finishing your order.
As this model of medieval felt hat has a curled edge, we can make this part in a different color.
NOTE – as felt hats are handmade, from many types of fleece, colors on pictures can be slightly different than the real ones.
Tyrolean medieval felt hat in historical sources
We can find this medieval felt hat presented on both men and women. Spanish book Libro de los Juegos (1283) with descriptions of medieval board games contains an illustration with two Templar knights. They are wearing hats of this type while playing chess.
Most important features of Tyrolean medieval felt hat:
↪ made of natural, eco, woolen felt
↪ based on historical sources
↪ completely handmade in traditional method of wet felting
↪ wide range of colors to choose from
↪ matching many types of medieval clothing
↪ individually fitted to head size
↪ unisex medieval felt hat
Felting and fulling - how to make a medieval felt hat?
Fulling is a process of joining natural animal (wool of sheep, animal hair) or plant fibers. This method can give dozens of adornments, accessories, or parts of clothing, characteristic for both former and modern fashion.
While making the felt, joined fibers are strengthened by hot water or chemicals, by pressing or rubbing. One can do it manually or with the use of a machine. The process is called fulling or felting.
Among others, there are two methods of felting used in making hand felted hats:
• full wet method – with the use of water and joining material, like soap
• dry method – with dedicated needle or tracer (cutting wheel), layers of fibers are joined and pressed
In past, a person making felt products was called a fuller.
What is felt used in medieval hats?
Woolen felt is one of the oldest human made textile materials. First marks of felt are dated on 6500 BC and come from area of modern Turkey, where Neolithic wall painting were found. A collection of felt products found in Altai are dated 7th-6th century BC.
Felt was used for centuries in making hand felted hat like caps, hats or berets, but also in making footwear. It is an all-purpose material, used not only in clothing. It is used in insulating and soundproofing materials, and as a veneer for keys in keyboards and pianos.
There are legends on the creation of felt fibre. One of them says that it reaches the time of Noah’s Ark where sheep lost their wool on wet floor. It was trampled and later found by surprised Noah in a form of a carpet!
Another story says about Mondolian horse riders who put sheep fur under their saddles. It was rubbed during a journey and later found in a hardened form.
The most interesting story is connected with the patron of fullers – St. Clement. A pope during his pilgrimage in the 1st century scraped his legs. To relieve his feet, he put wool pieces into his sandals. Rubbing and sweat formed it into felt.